Youth Olympic Games 2022 Gains Momentum in Africa

Following the release of the Youth Olympic Games 2022 Host Selection Process in March, four NOCs have emerged: Botswana, Nigeria, Senegal and Tunisia.

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When you put a lot of hard work into one goal and you achieve it, that’s a really good feeling.

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A journey is best measured in friends, rather than miles.

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Whoever is happy will make others happy too.

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Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.

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There is nothing permanent except change.

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Work out your own salvation. Do not depend on others.

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All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream.

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Damsel in misery or horny sidekick? The representation of girls in video video games has modified


A narrow female draws her sword and confronts Surt, the God of the hearth. Compared to the terrifying God, the woman appears small and fragile. Nevertheless, she throws herself into the conflict without hesitation.
As she fights, a choir of ‘internal voices’ is heard. Some voices whisper assisting encouragements, while others scream in panic.

The scene is from the video game ‘Hellblade: Senua’s Sacrifice,’ which turned into a launched final year. An individual just like the female Senua would hardly ever be discovered in a mainstream online game only 15 years ago.
If we take a look at video games from a historical angle, girl characters have been oversexualized if no longer downright absent.

Yet, even though mainstream video games are nonetheless dominated by cumbersome, muscular men, recent years have brought us lady game characters which might be noteworthy because of their character and backstory, as opposed to the scale in their bust.
But what does this development advocate and why can we see these lady characters now? Before I answer this question, let us just take a quick study of how girls have generally been represented in video games.

From eight-bit portraits to hyper-realism
To understand how ladies are represented in video games, we can look at numerous distinctive parameters.

First of all, we may additionally look at how the lady frame is visualized. Here, researchers have focused on how the body is sexualized, as an instance by using equipping characters with large breasts and skimpy outfits.
However, the visualization of the girl body is likewise associated with the kingdom of the art in pc graphics. The restricted graphics technology of the early days of video games, as an example, often necessitated original and crude pictures as compared to favorite video games.

However, as photographs generation progressed, the sports industry began to try for more realistic representations in video games. Only, this didn’t observe to the female frame, which turned into nevertheless represented with unrealistic proportions.
This development is also contemplated in an intensive observe of over 500 video games that got here out among 1983 and 2014. The have a look at indicates that the sexualization of the girl frame peaked in the second half of the ninety’s and has reduced substantially in view that 2006.

Damsel in misery or horny sidekick
Besides the visible appearance of girl characters, it’s also interesting to have a look at their roles and features within the video games.

In the closing 20 years, many research has looked at the variety of female characters within the maximum famous video games and located that girl characters are largely outnumbered through male characters.

If we then take a more in-depth study their roles in these video games, we then see that they are usually forged in secondary characters, frequently as damsels in distress or sexy sidekicks to the main male protagonist.

Studies have additionally discovered substantially more male than woman playable characters. That stated, even in early video games we find terrific girl characters.

Since the discharge of the first Metroid game in 1986 for example, the collection has featured the woman playable person and protagonist, Samus Aran. The most distinguished woman game character, but, is probably Lara Croft from the Tomb Raider collection. More approximately her shortly.

Gender found out via sport mechanics
Video games is a complex phenomenon and research has now not but systematically checked out all aspects of gender representation in video games.

One of the subtler factors are the approaches wherein a character is realized thru recreation mechanics. Game mechanics determine what the player can do and how as well as how the game reacts to player inputs.

The recreation ‘Super Princess Peach,’ as an example, for once allow the participant to manipulate princess Peach in her quest to store the Mario brothers. Still, the game is ripe with gender stereotypes. The recreation mechanics are built around 4 emotions – joy, rage, gloom and calm – which features as Peach’s unique powers within the games.

In this manner, the sport depicts a princess whose most potent weapon is her feelings.

Is Lara Croft a feminist icon?
Let’s cross returned to Lara Croft. The archeologist has been a controversial lady because the release of the primary ‘Tomb Raider’ sport returned in 1996.

On the one hand, Lara is the playable individual and protagonist of the sport, and he or she is represented as a robust, unbiased and decisive woman. This manner, she marks a departure from the secondary, victimized roles that girls all too regularly have been assigned in video games.

On the other hand, Lara is also an instance of the sexualization of the lady frame in video games. Lara’s feature wasp waist, big bust, and miniscule warm pants aren’t easily neglected and complicate the photograph of her as a feminist icon.

Instead, Lara is decreased to a frame; this is a problem to what movie theorist Laura Mulvey has described as a male gaze of choice.

Other robust ladies comply with within the footsteps of Lara Croft.
Recent ’Tomb Raider’ games, however, sign a shift closer to much less sexualized woman online game characters. In ‘Shadow of the Tomb Raider,’ which became launched earlier this 12 months, a much less voluptuous Lara Croft is now modestly wearing long sleeves and long shipment-pants.

And even though Lara continues to be the image of the robust, lady avatar, we’ve got seen more first-rate women in video games in current years.

In addition to the Senua above from ‘Hellblade,’ each ‘Horizon Zero Dawn’ and ‘Uncharted: The lost Legacy’ feature sturdy woman leads. An even greater recent example is Solveig from ‘Battlefield V,’ which became released in November 2018.

Almost half of the players are women
This brings us lower back to the query of what drives this shift in the illustration of female characters.

Even even though many may think that most effective teenage boys play video games, research display that this is clearly not the case.

Each year, the American other enterprise ESA publishes a record of the American video game industry. If we take a look at those reports, we see that within the final 15 years, girls have comprised among forty-48 % of American online game gamers.

Nevertheless, researchers suggest that many girl players have no longer defined themselves as actual ‘gamers’ and therefore now not as the audience of the mainstream recreation marketplace. These girl gamers may have selected to miss the stereotypical and frequently sexist representations of gender in video games.

Representation at the schedule
All this, but, may be changing. In the final six years, the working conditions in the sports enterprise have been underneath heated debate.

The hashtag #1ReasonWhy found out sexism and harassment of ladies inside the video games industry while #gamergate uncovered a misogynistic culture in what is probably a small but vocal organization of game enthusiasts.
However, using bringing interest to those difficult elements of gaming tradition, those debates may have created a momentum for players to explicit their dislike with sexist gender representation in video games and to insist that they may be to be taken significantly as players.

And perhaps we are now seeing the result of this as more sports groups emblem themselves on social duty and sell games with robust, intelligent and decisive ladies.
Will video games emerge as greater diversity within destiny?

Even though we’ve visibly improved attention on gender representation, the diversity of video games continues to be limited.

Many extra or less marginalized businesses are challenged to elaborate illustration if they are even represented in any respect. In addition to this, male characters are often described in a tremendously stereotypical manner as well.

What the future will carry is tough to expect. However, if the strong female game characters are symptoms of trade of lifestyle in the sports enterprise, the future appears appropriately.